Serra da Capivara

Serra da Capivara National Park is located in the northeastern part of Brazil. First of all, he is famous for numerous monuments of prehistoric cave painting. After archaeologists discovered rock paintings in the park, Serra da Capivara was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Based on the discovered remains, archaeologists have suggested that the territory of the park in the prehistoric era was densely populated, and here was the largest peasant farm in ancient America.

A popular destination for tourists is a rock complex. The drawings on the walls of these rocks date from about the 14th century. BC. For painting on walls, ancient people used natural dyes: white gypsum, red hematite, bone, charcoal. Ancient drawings about animals and hunting belong to the culture of Nordesti. Later, depicting bizarre lines and geometric shapes – to the culture of Agresti. To decrypt the latter so far failed. Primitive man left traces not only in the form of drawings, numerous grottoes in the park have traces of artificial processing.

The remains of the life of ancient people refute the theory of the Asian origin of the inhabitants of America. It used to be that primitive people entered the North American continent through the Bering Strait 38,000 years ago, and into South America only 13,000 years ago. Now, finds in Serra da Capivara indicate that people lived in South America 46,000 years ago. These discoveries were made by accident. Initially, in the territory of Serra da Capivara, scientists attracted certain types of trees and cacti in the form of candelabra.

But the park is known not only for the remains of primitive settlements, but also for its rich fauna. A large number of rare animals live in Serra da Capivara. These include giant armadillos, cougars, snakes, apes, alligators, panthers, false vampires, small parrots, and many others.